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Carmelite Nuns (o. Carm.) Before Vatican Ii


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The Carmelite Nuns in Blackburn Carmel in England; their monastery was founded from Boxmeer Carmel.  They closed the convent and went back to Holland in 1996.  They are commonly called the Blackburn Nuns.  Their toque are worn over the scapular.





The Carmelite Nuns of Allentown before Vatican II (The Foundresses) - their toques are under the scapular




Unlike the Discalced Carmelite Nuns, the Carmelite Nuns of the Ancient Observance have different Constitutions.  Some of their fundamental code were written for them the their founders, foundresses, bishops, their provincial or the Prior General.  It was only recently that they a single Constituion was imposed on them, with the exception of one convent.


A constitution in English printed before Vatican II did not specify whether the toque is under or over the scapular.

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